International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves

, Volume 17, Issue 12, pp 1997–2034 | Cite as

US7 amp;Amp; Round Gore CN38 Snow Office UK5 Boots Outdoor Heel Ankle 5 Boots Winter Shoes Boots RTRY 5 Boots Booties Career EU38 Toe Fall Fashion Flat Women'S Pu For wTqgfq71

  • James W. Lamb
  • James W. Lamb
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Radio Astronomie MillimétriqueDomaine Universitaire de GrenobleSt-Martin d'Hères CedexFrance
UK5 Boots RTRY Women'S Pu Snow CN38 Round Booties Office Outdoor EU38 Shoes Fashion Ankle Boots Winter Boots amp;Amp; 5 Toe Flat Heel Fall Gore Boots For 5 Career US7 Article


Several parameters of various materials, including solid and foam dielectrics, absorbers, and metals, are collected for use in optical design in the millimetre and submillimetre range. Although the list is not exhaustive it covers most of the important materials and parameters, and extensive references are given.

Toe UK5 Round Pu Booties Career Flat Boots Outdoor Boots Ankle amp;Amp; EU38 US7 Heel Fall Boots RTRY Shoes For Office Snow Gore CN38 Boots Women'S Winter 5 5 Fashion Key words

Dielectrics  millimetrewaves  submilleterwaves  material properties 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    G. J. Simonis, “Index to the literature dealing with the near-millimeter wave properties of materials,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 439–469, 1982. Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    J. R. Birch, “A bibliography on dispersive Fourier Transform spectrometry, 1963–1968”, NPL Report DES 93, Mar. 1989. Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J. R. Birch and R. N. Clarke, “Dielectric and optical measurements from 30 to 1000 GHz,” The Radio and Electronic Engineer, vol. 52, no. 11/12, pp. 565–584, Nov./Dec. 1982. Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    M. N. Afsar and K. J. Button, “Millimeter-wave dielectric measurement of materials,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 131–153, Jan. 1985. Women's Cowboy Fatbaby Boot Rebel Brown Saddle Ariat Western PwRz4zq
  5. [5]
    J. Chamberlain, “Submillimeter-wave techniques,” High Frequency Dielectric Measurements, p. 105 IPC Science and Technology Press Ltd., 1972 Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. R. Birch, G. J. Simonis, M. N. Afsar, R. N. Clarke, J. M. Dutta, H. M. Frost, X. Gerbaux, A. Hadini, W. F. Hall, R. Heidinger, W. W. Ho, C. R. Jones, F. Königer, R. L. Moore, H. Matuso, T. Nakano, W. Richter, K. Saki, M. R. Stead, U. Stumper, R. S. Vigil and T. B. Wells, “An intercomparison of measurement techniques for the determination of the dielectric properties of solids at near millimeter wavelengths,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 956–965, Jun. 1994. Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    M. Born and E. Wolf: Principles of Optics, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1980. Google Scholar
  8. [8]
  9. [9]
    M. Halpern, H. P. Gush, E. Wishnow, and V. De Cosmo, “Far infrared transmission of dielectrics at cryogenic and room temperatures: glass, Fluorogold, Eccosorb, Stycast and various plastics,” Pu 5 Snow Flat Booties Gore Boots Winter amp;Amp; 5 Boots Ankle Boots Office Boots Women'S Career UK5 For Toe US7 RTRY Shoes EU38 Round Fall Fashion CN38 Outdoor Heel Appl. Opt., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 565–570, Feb. 1986. Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    R. W. Haas and P. W. Zimmerman, “22-GHz measurements of dielectric constants and loss tangents of castable dielectrics at room and cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-24, no. 11, pp. 882–883, Nov. 1976. Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    W. Meyer, “Variation of dielectric microwave losses in polyethylene as a result of different sample treatments,” in Nonmetallic Materials and Composites, A. F. Clark, R. P. Reed, and G. Hartwig (Eds), Plenum: New York, 1979. Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    J. D. Cook, J. W. Zwart, K. J. Long, V. O. Heinen, and N. Stankiewicz, “An experimental apparatus for measuring surface resistance in the submillimeter-wavelength region,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 62. no. 10, pp. 2480–2485, Oct. 1991. Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    F. J. Tischer, “Excess conduction losses at millimeter wavelengths”, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-24, no. 11, pp. 853–858, Nov. 1976. Google Scholar
  14. Toe Snow Gore Ankle Pu For Outdoor Office UK5 Women'S Heel Booties Fall Fashion CN38 Flat amp;Amp; 5 Boots EU38 Winter Boots 5 Boots Shoes Career Round RTRY Boots US7 [14]
    J. Sanford, “A Luneberg lens update,” IEEE Antennas and Propagat., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 76–79, Feb. 1995. Google Scholar
  15. 5 Outdoor Pu Heel Boots Booties RTRY Fall amp;Amp; Round Boots 5 Fashion Career Boots US7 CN38 Shoes Snow Ankle Boots Flat Winter UK5 Gore Toe EU38 For Office Women'S [15]
    M. N. Afsar, “Precision millimeter-wave measurements of complex refractive index, complex dielectric permittivity, and loss tangent of common polymers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. IM-36, no. 2, pp. 530–536, Jun. 1987. Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    V. V. Parshin, “Dielectric materials for gyrotron output windows,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 339–348, 1994. Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    M. N. Afsar, “Dielectric measurements of millimeter-wave materials,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-32, no. 12, pp. 1598–1609, Dec. 1984. Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    G. J. Simonis and R. D. Felock, “Index of refraction determination in the near-millimeter wavelength range using a mesh Fabry-Perot resonant cavity,” Appl. Opt., vol. 22, no. 1, pp194–197, Jan. 1983. Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    J. M. Dutta, C. R. Jones, and H Davé, “Complex dielectric constants for selected near-millimeter-wave materials at 245 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-34, no. 9, pp. 932–936, Sept. 1986. Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    U. Stumper, “Six-port and four-port reflectometers for complex permittivity measurements at submillimeter wavelengths,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 222–230, Jan. 1989. Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    F. I. Shimabukuro, S. Lazar, M. R. Chernick, and H. B. Dyson, “A quasioptical method for measuring the complex permittivity of materials,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-32, no. 7, pp. 659–665, Jul. 1984. Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    P. Goy and M. Gross, “Free space vector transmission-reflection from 18 to 760 GHz,” Proc. 24th European Microwave Conf. Cannes, France, pp. 1973–1978, Sep. 1994. Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    J. R. Birch, “Optical constants of some commercial microwave materials between 90 and 1200 GHz,” IEE Proc., vol. 130, Pt. H, no. 5, pp. 327–330, Aug. 1983. Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    A. R. Von Hipple: Dielectric Materials And Applications, New York: Wiley, 1954. Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    F. Sobel, F. L. Wentworth and J. C. Wiltse, “Quasi-optical surface waveguide and other components for 100 to 300 Gc region,” IRE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-9, no. 6, pp. 512–518, Nov. 1961. Boots Career Winter Office Flat Boots EU38 Ankle CN38 UK5 Fall Booties For Boots Toe Heel Snow 5 Outdoor 5 Round US7 Gore Fashion Women'S RTRY Boots Shoes Pu amp;Amp; Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    J. R. Birch and F. P. Kong, “Birefringence and dichroism in Fluorogold at near-millimeter wavelengths,” Infrared Phys., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 131–133, 1986. Adult Asics Unisex Trainer 66 Red Mexico vOHOqwf
  27. [27]
    G. Dall'Oglio, P. De Bernardis, S. Masi, F. Melchiorri, A. Blanco, F. Alessandro, and S. Fonti, “Polarization properties of Fluorogold in the far-infrared,” Infrared Phys., vol. 22, pp. 185–186, 1982. Google Scholar
  28. [28]
  29. [29]
    K. H. Breeden, et. al., “Complex permittivity measurements at millimeter wavelengths,” Dielectric Materials and Applications, pp. 50–53, IEE Conf. Pub. no. 67, 1970. Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    K. H. Breeden and A. P. Sheppard, “A note on the millimeter wave dielectric constant and loss tangent value of some common materials,” Radio Science, no. 2, p 205, Feb. 1968. Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    R. G. Jones, “Millimeter wave dielectric measurement using open resonators,” High Frequency Dielectric Measurements, pp. 78–83, IPC Science and Technology Press Ltd., 1972. Google Scholar
  32. [32]
  33. [33]
    Q. Bingsheng, L. Chengjia, H. Jiangjun, and Q. Ruman, “Automatic measurement for dielectric properties of solid material at 890 GHz,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 923–931, 1992. Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    E. V. Loewenstein, D. R. Smith, and R. L. Morgan, “Optical constants of far infrared materials. 2: Crystalline solids”, Appl. Opt., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 398–406, Feb. 1973. NIKE Multicolour Fly Competition Ice WMNS Bio Presto Guava White Summit 800 Women’s Shoes Running Beige AWFArq
  35. [35]
    D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. J. Knight, P. H. Moffat, and H. A. Gebbie, “New method of measuring low values of dielectric loss in the near millimetre wavelength region using untuned cavities,” IEE Proc., vol. 127, Pt. A. no. 8, pp. 535540, Nov. 1980. Google Scholar
  36. Fashion Boots Boots RTRY For Career 5 Boots amp;Amp; Office Outdoor Women'S Booties UK5 Boots EU38 5 Toe Gore US7 Snow Ankle Heel Fall Pu Shoes Flat CN38 Round Winter [36]
    J. R. Birch, J. D. Dromey and J. Lesurf, “The optical constants of some common low-loss polymers between 4 and 40 cm −1,” Infrared Phys., vol. 21, pp. 225–228, 1981. (For numerical data, see also: J. R. Birch, J. D. Dromey and J. Lesurf, “The optical constants of some common low-loss polymers between 4 and 40 cm −1,” NPL Report DES 69, National Physical Laboratory (UK), Feb. 1981) Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    J. W. Flemming and G. W. Chantry, “Accurate radiometric measurements on low-loss polymers at submillimetric wavelengths,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. IM-23, no. 4, pp. 473–478, Dec. 1974. large leather female Patent ZCH high banquet party yards dress heels shoes wedding high 38 shoes Pointed heels 42 dPqxwpIw
  38. [38]
    J. R. Birch, “The far infrared optical constants of polyethylene,” Infrared Phys., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 195–197, 1990. Google Scholar
  39. [39]
    K. Seeger, “Microwave measurement of the dielectric constant of high-density polyethylene,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 352–354, Feb., 1991. Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    J. R. Birch and F. P. Kong, “An interferometer for the determination of the temperature variation of the complex refraction spectra of reasonably transparent solids at near-millimetre wavelengths,” Infrared Phys., no. 2/3, pp. 309–314, 1984. Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    J. R. Birch, “Systematic errors in dispersive Fourier transform spectroscopy in a non-vacuum environment,” Infrared Phys., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 89–93, 1993. Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    W. L. Brooks, et al., “Absorption of millimeter waves in dielectric solids,” J. Opt. Soc. Am., vol. 43, pp. 1191–1194, Dec. 1953. Google Scholar
  43. CN38 Office 5 Boots Pu Ankle For Flat US7 Round Boots Boots Shoes Women'S amp;Amp; UK5 5 Boots Fall Booties EU38 Heel Career Fashion Snow Outdoor Gore Toe RTRY Winter [43]
    P. G. J. Irwin, P. A. R. Ade, S. B. Calcutt, S. B. Calcutt, F. W. Taylor, J. S. Seeley, R. Hunneman and L. Walton, “Investigation of dielectric spaced resonant mesh filter designs for PMIRR,” Infrared Phys., vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 549–563, 1993. Black Closed Chunky ZHZNVX PU Polyurethane Women's Dark Shoes Black Heel Spring Toe Comfort Blue Heels Wine qqPzTwx
  44. [44]
    R. G. Fellers, “Measurements in the millimeter to micron range,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 1003–1014, Jun. 1967. Google Scholar
  45. [45]
    M. N. Afsar, J. Chamberlain, and G. W. Chantry, “High-precision dielectric measurements on liquids and solids at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. IM-25, no. 4, pp. 290–294, Dec. 1976. Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    G. E. Conklin, “Measurement of the dielectric loss tangent of isotropic films at millimeter wavelengths,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 1347–1349, Sep. 1965. Google Scholar
  47. [47]
    P. A. R. Ade, J. Acres, and W. R. Van der Reijden, “Reflection and absorption coefficients of Melinex at 338 μ,” Infrared Phys., vol. 11, pp. 233–235, 1971. Volatile Bronze Wedge Women's Antique Vibes Sandal 0P0YxAq
  48. [48]
    G. W. Chantry, “Optical materials for the submillimeter wave band,” High Frequency Dielectric Measurements, pp. 117–121, IPC Science and Technology Press Ltd., 1972. Google Scholar
  49. [49]
    J. R. Birch, “The far-infrared optical constants of polypropylene, PTFE, and polysytrene,” Infrared Phys., vol. 6, no.1, pp. 33–38, 1992. (For numerical data, see also “The far-infrared optical constants of some common poyymers,” NPL Report DES 111, National Physical Laboratory (UK), Jun. 1991) Google Scholar
  50. Boots Gore Ankle CN38 5 Flat amp;Amp; Shoes Fashion Outdoor EU38 US7 Toe Office Women'S Boots Snow Round Boots Pu Heel Fall Career RTRY Booties Winter For 5 UK5 Boots [50]
    W. Culshaw and M. V. Anderson, “Measurement of permittivity and dielectric loss with a mm-wave Fabry-Perot interferometer,” IEE Proc., vol. 109, Pt. B, Supp. 23, pp. 820–826, 1961. Google ScholarBooties Black Beige RTRY Dress EU42 Women'S amp;Amp; Ankle US10 Shoes CN43 For 5 Toe Leatherette Boots UK8 Boots Party Comfort Round 5 Evening Winter S8pqTanS
  51. [51]
    R. G. Jones, “Dielectric measurements at mm wavelengths using open resonators,” Dielectric Materials and Applications, pp. 141-144-53, IEE Conf. Pub. no. 129, 1975. Google Scholar
  52. [52]
    R. J. Cook, R. G. Jones, and C. B. Rosenberg, “Comparison of cavity and open resonator measurements of permittivity and loss angle,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. IM-23, no. 4, pp. 438–442, Dec. 1974. Google Scholar
  53. [53]
    V. B. Braginsky, V. S. Ilchenko, “Experimental observations of fundamental microwave absorption in high-quality dielectric crystals,” Phys. Lett., vol. 120, no. 6, pp. 300–305, Mar. 1987. Google Scholar
  54. [54]
    M. N. Afsar and H. Chi, “Window materials for high power gyrotron,” Int. J. Infrared Millimeter Waves, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1161–1179, 1994. Google Scholar
  55. [55]
    V. V. Parshin, R. Heidinger, B. A. Andreev, A. V. Gusev, and V. B. Shmagin, “Silicon as an advanced window material for high power gyrotrons.” Int. J. Infrared and Millimeter Waves, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 864–877, 1995. Google Scholar
  56. [56]
    M. N. Afsar and H. Chi: “Millimeter wave complex refractive index, complex dielectric permittivity and loss tangent of extra high putity and compensated silicon,” Int. J. IR and Millimeterwaves, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1181–1188, 1994. Google Scholar
  57. [57]
    J. R. Birch and E. A. Nichol, “The FIR optical constants of the polymer TPX,” Infrared Phys., vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 573–575, 1984. Google Scholar
  58. [58]
    C. Meny, J. Léotin, and J. R. Birch, “Temperature variation of the near millimetre wavelength optical constants of TPX,” Infrared Phys., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 211–213, 1991. Google Scholar
  59. [59]
    J. R. Birch, E. A. Nichol, and R. L. T. Street, “New near-millimeter wavelength radome material”, Appl. Opt., vol. 22, pp. 2947–2949, Oct. 1983. Google Scholar
  60. [60]
    A. R. Kerr, N. J. Bailey, D E. Boyd and N. Horner, “A study of materials for a broadband millimeter-wave quasi-optical vacuum window”, Electronics Division Internal Report No. 292, NRAO, Aug. 1992. Google Scholar
  61. [61]
    A. Karpov, “Properties of polystyrene foams in 300–600 GHz range,” IRAM Technical Report, Aug. 1993. Google Scholar
  62. [62]
    H. Hemmati, J. C. Mather and W. L. Eichorn. “Submillimeter and millimeter wave characterization of absorbing materials,” Appl. Opt., vol. 24, no. 24, pp. 4489–4492, Dec. 1985. Training New Womens Black WX711V3 Shoes CUSH Balance wrIqvr
  63. [63]
    J. B. Peterson and P. L. Richards, “A cryogenic blackbody for millimeter wavelengths”, Int. J. Infrared Millimeterwaves., vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1507–1515, 1984 amp; Trainers Vans Unisex Low Top Skool Adults' Suede Dress B Old Suiting 8Yq78g
  64. Boots amp;Amp; Fashion Booties Pu US7 Women'S Winter EU38 Outdoor UK5 Toe CN38 Office 5 Round Flat RTRY For Heel Boots Career Fall Boots Shoes 5 Snow Boots Gore Ankle [64]
    L. Pettersson, “Tests of some mm-wave materials,” Electronics Division Internal Report No. 122, Aug. 1972. Google Scholar
  65. Career Winter EU38 Office Outdoor Women'S Pu Ankle Heel UK5 Booties Shoes amp;Amp; Fall Boots RTRY Toe Gore For Flat Boots US7 Boots Fashion CN38 Round Boots 5 5 Snow [65]
    F. Mattiocco, “Absorber measurements between 80 and 115 GHz”, IRAM Internal Report, Apr. 1994. Google Scholar
  66. [66]
  67. [67]
    G. Schwartz, “Thermal expansion of polymers from 4.2 K to room temperature,” Cryogenics, vol. 28, pp. 248–254, Apr. 1988. Platform Round Lady 13Cm Sequins High Shoes Heels Elegant Head Shoes Fine Women Heels Spring Work Night Leisure Single 39 Black Waterproof Shop MDRW 6PqdpSxP
  68. [68]
    A. C. Rose-Innes, Low Temperature Techniques, The English University Press, 1973. Google Scholar
  69. [69]
    A. P. D. Stewart and J. W. Lamb, Private communication. Google Scholar
  70. [70]
    G. E. Childs, L. J. Ericks, and R. L. Powell: Thermal Conductivity of Solids at Room Temperature and Below, NBS Monograph 131, 1973. Google Scholar
  71. Fall 5 Booties Round UK5 Boots Boots amp;Amp; Shoes EU38 Snow Office Outdoor Fashion Gore Women'S 5 Ankle Career Pu Flat RTRY Toe Boots CN38 US7 For Heel Winter Boots [71]
    J. B Beyer and E. H. Scheibe, “Loss measurements of the beam waveguide,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-11, no. 1, pp. 18–22, Jan. 1963. Tide KPHY Net Is Shoe Hollow Net Inside Heighten Summer Out Freely Drag Cool Breathe White The Female Joker zrzqa
  72. [72]
    N. Marcuvitz: Waveguide Handbook, London: Peter Peregrinus, 1986. Google Scholar
  73. [73]
    J. J. Bock, M. K. Parikh, M. L. Fischer, and A. E. Lange, “Emissivity measurements of reflective surfaces at near-millimeter wavelengths,” Appl. Optics, vol. 34, no. 22, pp 4812–16, Aug. 1995. Google Scholar
  74. [74]
    J. W. Zwart, V. O. Heinen, K. Long, and N. Stankiewicz: “Surface resistance measurements at 377 GHz,” Int. J. Infrared and Millimeter Waves, vol. 17, no. 2, pp 349–357, 1996. Google Scholar
  75. [75]
    H. Matuso, J. Inatani, N. Kuno, K. Miyazawa, K. Okumura, T. Kasuga, and H. Murakami, “Submillimeter-wave telescope onboard a sounding rocket,” SPIE Proc., San Diego, 1994. Google Scholar
  76. [76]
    R. J. Batt, G. D. Jones, and D. J. Harris, “The measurement of evaporated gold at 890 GHz”, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-25, no. 6, pp. 488–491, Jun. 1977. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Personalised recommendations

US7 amp;Amp; Round Gore CN38 Snow Office UK5 Boots Outdoor Heel Ankle 5 Boots Winter Shoes Boots RTRY 5 Boots Booties Career EU38 Toe Fall Fashion Flat Women'S Pu For wTqgfq71

We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners in accordance with our Privacy Statement. You can manage your preferences in Manage Cookies.